The important sign characterizing nutritious advantages of a forage is solubility of the major nutrients, and especially proteins. The more stoutly these substances are drawn in solution, the they become more available to an organism. In this regard proteins of seeds ranks are very valuable. Their most part belongs to water-soluble proteins, smaller to solerastvorimy and only the neznachiteltny part of proteins ranks is shchelochirastvorimy. In comparison with other bean cultures of a squirrel ranks are the most available to an organism (are comparable with proteins of seeds of peas.).
The caffeine and kofeinovy acid containing in small amounts in leaves and stalks ranks the meadow increases intellectual working capacity, does not influence the level of a blood pressure, strengthens a mocheotdeleniye and increases secretion of gastric glands. Infusion ranks meadow, a wormwood bitter and a centaury is applied as collecting to appetite excitement. It possesses bitter taste and irritates flavoring receptors of mucous membranes of a mouth and language, reflex strengthens office of gastric juice.
Rank meadow symbiotic it is connected with the klubenkovy and fikomitsetny endofitny mushrooms forming an endotrofny mikoriza. Klubenkovy bacteria on the young roots which are formed in system of the main rod root and in system of additional roots. On old roots, as a rule, klubenk are absent. Endomikoriza on the thinnest roots (2 — the 4th about, having primary structure.
As a food product of a rank it is used as peas in the Asian countries, in the form of impurity to a flour. On a razvarivayemost, in comparison to others bean, a rank concedes to the best grades of lentil, peas and haricot, but chick-pea boils soft better, than.
The grass is also dried on air in a shadow or well aired room, having spread a thin layer on a laying – a stalk to a stalk, a top to a top. The grass is overturned periodically. Sometimes, at the small volumes of raw materials, the grass is connected in small bunches and suspended in in the fresh air in a shadow.
Plentifully branching elevated escapes ranks well olistvenna during the whole summer. From the gross weight of escapes 35,8 — 66,2% are the share of leaves. By the time of the first bevelling on poyemny Oka meadows (the beginning of July) dried up are few lower leaves. But in dense thickets ranks meadow at plentiful moistening rotting of considerable number of leaves is possible. In favorable conditions of a rank well takes out bevelling. Negatively reacts to an early podkashivaniye of herbage in May. Negatively reacts to a pasture of N on pastures usually is absent.
Rank the meadow possesses high fodder advantages, is of interest as a fodder plant. Hay is eaten by all types of cattle; to a fresh rank horses, sheep, marals willingly eat, is worse — cattle because of existence in escapes of bitter substances. It is recommended to use to the chip and with other fodder herbs.
In autumn time, when there is no opportunity to dry plants outside and to provide thermal drying, use furnaces. Right after that as the furnace is heated it is impossible to dry medicinal raw materials, 2-3 one-hour break is necessary. For the purpose of check in the furnace put a thin sheet of paper – if it does not light up, the raw materials can be filled up. For the best use of volume of the furnace arrange two - and three-storied racks from plywood sheets and the metal gauze. In case the raw materials do not dry from the first, it take out from the furnace, put in a dry place and next day process repeat.
The meadow — grows Chin on meadows of different types, and a on edges, glades, among bushes, on grass, deposits, along fences, meets on meadows and meadow steppes, comes under wood bed curtains, and in Siberia gravitates to the rarefied and to the deciduous woods and is considered as a forest look. Meets a rank and on low-lying. It is typical both for flat conditions, and for the mountain. In mountains often grows on naked slopes and inactive taluses.
Just collected raw materials ranks contain a lot of moisture – to 90% which considerable part – 40-80% - during drying evaporate. The plant thus loses in weight: flowers of 75%, leaves – 80%, roots - 65%. The dried-up plants have to contain no more than 12-14% of moisture.