The increase in output (realization) by one types and reduction by other types of production leads to change of its structure, i.e. a ratio of separate products, generally, their release. To implement the plan for structure – means to keep the planned ratios of its separate types in the actual production.
The average coefficient of a rating can be defined in two ways: relation of quantity of production of the I grade to total; relation of cost of production of all grades to the possible cost of production of the I grade.
When forming the range and structure of production the enterprise has to consider, on the one hand, demand for these types of production, and with another – the most effective use of the labor, raw material, technical, technological, financial and other resources which are available at its order. The system of formation of the range includes the following highlights:
Schedules of uniform production are developed for large-lot or mass production, and an estimated indicator is the uniformity coefficient. It is determined by the following algorithm:
The increase in output (realization) by one types and reduction by other types of production leads to change of its structure, i.e. a ratio of separate products in their general release. To implement the plan for structure of production – means to keep the planned ratios of its separate types in the actual production.
The main objective of the industrial enterprises is the fullest ensuring demand of the population with high-quality production. Growth rates of volume of production production, increase of its quality directly influence the size of costs, profit and profitability of the enterprise.
The internal reasons of arrhythmy – a serious financial condition of the enterprise, low level of the organization, technology and material support of production, and also planning and control, external – untimely delivery of raw materials and materials to suppliers, a lack of energy resources not because of the enterprise, etc.
The analysis considers the hidden reasons of unevenness. There is a lot of reasons: untimely providing with resources, disproportionate loading of the equipment (breakages, idle times), absence of workers, mistakes in calculations, the low level of production and technological discipline.
Then the reasons of decline in quality and the allowed marriage of production in places of their emergence and the centers of responsibility are studied and actions for their elimination are developed. Bad quality of raw materials, low technological level and the organizations of production, qualification of workers, arrhythmy of production, etc. are the main reasons for decline in quality of production.
Important indicator of activity of the industrial enterprises is quality of production. Its increase – one of forms of competitive fight, a gain and deduction of positions in the market. The high level of quality of production promotes increase of demand for production and increase in the sum of profit not only at the expense of sales volume, but also at the expense of higher prices.
According to the economic contents the volume of the realized production characterizes end financial result of work of the enterprise, implementation of the obligations to consumers, extent of participation in satisfaction of requirements of the market.
KSUKP – a complex control system of quality of production. The analysis of quality on this system is carried out step by step. At first the specific weight of production decides on the quality mark, and production is determined then by categories:
Quality of production – concept which characterizes parametrical, eksplutatsionny, consumer, technological, design properties of a product, the level of its standardization and unification, reliability and durability. Distinguish the generalizing, individual and indirect indicators of quality of production.
On processed lomtevy, pastelike cheeses the picture in the market develops as follows: the chief suppliers of such cheeses are foreign firms at the expense of the wide range and quality finished goods, and also quality and design of packing and marking.